Banner Photo: Howe Sound sunset (Credit: Richard Duncan)

The Ocean Wise Research Institute

Novel Research. Meaningful outcomes. Actionable solutions.

The Ocean Wise Research Institute (formerly the Coastal Ocean Research Institute) is home to a dynamic team of conservation scientists, delivering a blend of cutting-edge research and novel conservation tools.

Our researchers ply the waters of Canada’s three oceans, tracking the impacts of plastics, chemicals, habitat destruction, noise and climate change.


Financial Support

This project was undertaken with generous financial support from:

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SqNtHSymbolCleanRedBk Thank you to the Sḵwx̱wú7mesh Úxwumixw/Squamish Nation for continuing to support this report. We are very grateful to the Squamish Líl’wat Cultural Centre, who permitted us to reproduce content from the book “Where Rivers, Mountains, and People Meet.” DSF-logo-RGB-WEB The David Suzuki Foundation is a science-based environmental organization headquartered in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. A special thank you to Willem Van Riet at the David Suzuki Foundation who created the majority of maps used throughout the report.

Contributors to the Howe Sound Edition


Aroha  Miller, PhD, Manager, Ocean Watch, Ocean Wise Research Institute.

Editorial Team

Jennifer Chapman, PhD, Ocean Watch, Ocean Wise Research Institute

Amber Dearden, MSc, Ocean Watch, Ocean Wise Research Institute

Peter S. Ross, PhD, Vice-President of Research, Executive Director

of the Ocean Wise Research Institute

Authors and Affiliations

Fiona Beaty, Atl’ḵa7tsem/Howe Sound Marine Reference Guide

Laura Borden, Ocean Wise Research Institute

Luisa Burhenne, Carbon Accounting

Peter Chandler, Fisheries and Oceans Canada

Jennifer Chapman, Ocean Wise Research Institute

Lauren Dares, Ocean Wise Research Institute

Amber Dearden, Ocean Wise Research Institute

Kelsey Delisle, Ocean Wise Research Institute

Donna Gibbs, Ocean Wise Research Institute

Bridget John, Atl’ḵa7tsem/Howe Sound Marine Reference Guide

Francesca Knight, Squamish River Watershed Society

Stephanie Lingard, Instream Fisheries Research

Sheena Majewski, Fisheries and Oceans Canada

Jeff Marliave, Ocean Wise Research Institute

Conor McMullan, Cheakamus Centre

Aroha Miller, Ocean Wise Research Institute

Chad Nordstrom, Fisheries and Oceans Canada

Doug Pemberton, Artificial Reef Society of B.C.

Ian Picketts, Quest University

David Roulston, District of Squamish

Peter S. Ross, Ocean Wise Research Institute

Tracey Saxby, Visual Science

Jessica Schultz, Ocean Wise Research Institute

Jessica Scott, Ocean Wise Research Institute

Ruth Simons, Future of Howe Sound Society; Howe Sound Biosphere Initiative

Edith Tobe, Squamish River Watershed Society

Jordan Uittenbogaard, Fisheries and Oceans Canada

Nikki Wright, SeaChange Marine Conservation Society 

Reviewers and Affiliations

Juan Jose Alava, University of British Columbia

Eric Anderson, British Columbia Institute of Technology

Fiona Beaty, Atl’ḵa7tsem/Howe Sound Marine Reference Guide

DG Blair, Stewardship Centre for B.C.

Jennifer Boldt, Fisheries and Oceans Canada

David Bradley, British Columbia Bird Studies Canada

Dave Brown, Squamish-Lillooet Sportfish Advisory Committee

Jennifer Boldt, Fisheries and Oceans Canada

Robert Butler, Pacific Wildlife Foundation

Jaime Dubyna, Islands Trust Committee

Anja Dunham, Fisheries and Oceans Canada

Cynthia Durance, Precision Identification

Graeme Ellis, Fisheries and Oceans Canada

Dana Haggarty, Fisheries and Oceans Canada

Christopher Harley, University of British Columbia

Leslie James, British Columbia Ferry Services

Jeff Marliave, Ocean Wise Research Institute

Neil McDaniel, McDaniel Marine Surveys

Sarah McJannet, District of Squamish

Lucie McKiernan, Constituency Assistant to MP Pamela Goldsmith-Jones

Rhiannon Moore, Ocean Wise Research Institute

Tanya Otero, Great Canadian Shoreline Cleanup

Thomas Pederson, University of Victoria; Canadian Climate Forum

Anna Posacka, Ocean Wise Research Institute

David Roche, Kerr Wood Leidal Engineering Consultants

Dennis Rutherford, Pacific Prawn Fishermen’s Association

Ted Sheldon, University of Victoria, Centre for Global Studies

Siew Sim, Howe Sound Pulp and Paper

Scott Slater, Bowen Island Community School

Kate-Louise Stamford, Islands Trust

Lora Tryon, Lake Trail Environmental Consulting

Bob Turner, Citizen Scientist

Jane Watson, Vancouver Island University

Cecilia Wong, Environment and Climate Change Canada

Graphic and Web Design and Production

DESIGN & LAYOUT: Laurel Miller

ILLUSTRATIONS, CHARTS, AND ICONS: Tracey Saxby, Visual Science

CARTOGRAPHY: Willem Van Riet, David Suzuki Foundation;

Lauren Dares, Ocean Wise Research Institute

COVER PHOTO: Adam Taylor (Description: Lingcod on a sponge reef in Halkett Bay)

Photos used within this report may not be reproduced, printed, shared, or copied without the express permission of the photographer.

WEBSITE DEVELOPMENT: Meighan Makarchuk, Ocean Wise


This report was made possible through the generous support of many people who contributed their knowledge, time, data, photographs, and made connections for us. Thank you to our ratings committee who read the articles and provided feedback and health ratings (in alphabetical order):

Jeff Marliave, Doug Pemberton, Jessica Schultz, Ruth Simons, Kate-Louise Stamford, Edith Tobe, Bob Turner, and the Ocean Watch team.

Thank you to the many researchers, citizen scientists, and community members from the many affiliated organisations (listed below in alphabetical order) who provided information, data, and knowledge to ensure our content is accurate.

Artificial Reef Society of BC

Atl’ka7tsem/Howe Sound Biosphere Region Initiative

Atl’ḵa7tsem/Howe Sound Marine Reference Guide

Bowen Island Community School

British Columbia Bird Studies Canada

British Columbia Ferry Services

British Columbia Institute of Technology

Carbon Accounting

Cheakamus Centre

Citizen Scientist

Constituency Assistant to MP Pamela Goldsmith-Jones

District of Squamish

Environment & Climate Change Canada

Fisheries and Oceans Canada

Future of Howe Sound Society

Howe Sound Biosphere Region Initiative

Howe Sound Pulp & Paper

Instream Fisheries Research

Islands Trust

Lake Trail Environmental Consulting

McDaniel Marine Surveys

Pacific Prawn Fishermen’s Association

Pacific Wildlife Foundation

Precision Identification

Quest University

Research Teams of the Ocean Wise Research Institute

SeaChange Marine Conservation Society

Squamish River Watershed Society

Squamish-Lillooet Sportfish Advisory Committee

Stewardship Centre for B.C.

University of British Columbia

University of Victoria

Vancouver Island University

Visual Science

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