The following is an excerpt from the full updated article. Download the full 2020 article for all content and references.
Salmon Enhancement Efforts: a hatchery perspective
Jordan Uittenbogaard, Watershed Enhancement Manager, Tenderfoot Creek Hatchery, Fisheries and Oceans Canada (DFO)
Excerpt from of 2020 article
Since the late 1980s, Pacific salmon stocks throughout Canada and the U.S. have been subject to decline, influenced by climate change, habitat degradation, over-fishing and pathogens. In Átl’ḵa7tsem/Txwnéwu7ts/Howe Sound, Pacific salmon (Oncorhynchus sp.) are important species socially, culturally and economically.
Read the full article to see what else is happening.
Background: Pink salmon, Oncorhynchus gorbuscha. (Credit: Tracey Saxby)
What’s been done since 2017?
The table below reports on progress made on recommended actions from the previous 2017 article, where identified. Many of these require ongoing action.
|2017 Action||Action Taken|
|Government Action and Policy|
|Increase focus on data collection in order to get accurate, high-quality counts of spawners. Use tagging methods over visual counts where feasible.||
||Applies to all four actions
|Continue to monitor water quality and treatment, and support ongoing remediation at Britannia Mine.||Golder Associates continues to undertake environmental monitoring in the vicinity of the historical contamination site, on behalf of the provincial government.|
|Increase monitoring and enforcement of fishery limits, openings and closures.||According to the Integrated Fisheries Management Plan 2018-2019, the current compliance strategy aims to utilize technology to monitor and to work with stakeholders to improve regulatory compliance.|
What can you do?
A detailed overview of recommended actions relating to climate change is included in The path to zero carbon municipalities. In some cases, no progress was identified on previous recommended actions; these remain listed below. Additional actions marked as NEW also follow.
- Monitor fishery status and limits. Ensure you are fishing within current regulations.
- Eat sustainable seafood, look for the Ocean Wise symbol in restaurants and grocery stores.
Government Action and Policy:
- Protect all estuary habitats from residential, commercial, or industrial development.
- Increase public education on the status of salmon, and how people can help salmon stocks recover.
- NEW Establish citizen enforcement officers throughout the Sound, who are granted limited enforcement powers, such as checking catch size, species, and fishing method, and handing out fines for fisheries infringements.